A person who is allowed to testify at a trial because of special knowledge or proficiency in a particular field that is relevant to the case.
Physical evidence or documents that are presented in a court proceeding. Common exhibits include contracts, weapons, and photographs.
Evidence which tends to show the defendant’s innocence.
A proceeding brought before a court by one party only, without notice to or challenge by the other side.
Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
“In the bench” or “full bench.” Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating, rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases they deem important enough to be decided by the entire court....